Vrata od Pila
Vrata od Pila Vrata od Pila Vrata od Pila Vrata od Pila
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#Tags souvent utilisés
#Visite #Monument #A voir #Dubrovnik #Attraction
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"UNESCO World Heritage The Pile Gate is the main entrance to Dubrovnik, the beautiful old town that has been a UNESCO World Heritage site since 1979. For centuries, the Pile Gate has been a feature of the city's defenses and the entryway to the "Pearl of the Adriatic." The Pile Gate is situated on the route into Dubrovnik from the suburb of Pile. The town fortifications were begun in the eighth century, a reflection of its growing economic importance. Dubrovnik gained independence from the Venetian Republic in 1358, when it became a self-governing city state. Faced with threats from the Venetians, Slavs, and Ottomans, Dubrovnik's senate instituted a significant redevelopment of the city's defenses in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. The Pile Gate is actually a complex of two gates--an internal gate dating from the fifteenth century and an external gate dating from 1537. The two gates are linked by a drawbridge over a ditch dug in 1350. It was through the Pile Gate that Napoleonic troops entered Dubrovnik in 1808, ending nearly five centuries of the city's independence. Inside a niche in the inner gate is a statue of the city's patron, 'St. Blaise, by the famed religious sculptor Ivan Mestrovic The Pile Gate leads into a plaza that was paved in 1468 and features a grand fountain designed by the Italian Onofrio della Cava. The Pile Gate also gives access to Dubrovnik's city walls, 1.2 miles (2 km) long, which are 82 feet (25 m) high and 20 feet (6 m) thick in some places and offer stunning views of the town and Adriatic. Dubrovnik's old town was extensively damaged in Croatia's struggle for independence, first against the Yugoslav People's Army and then against the Serbs from Yugoslavia, in 1991 and 1992. Fortunately, the Pile Gate survived the conflicts and today it stands proudly as the gateway to the historic heart of one of Europe's most beautiful cities."


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