The Moscow Kremlin
The Moscow Kremlin The Moscow Kremlin The Moscow Kremlin The Moscow Kremlin The Moscow Kremlin The Moscow Kremlin The Moscow Kremlin The Moscow Kremlin The Moscow Kremlin
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"UNESCO World Heritage Until the early eighteenth century, the Kremlin was the primary residence, of the Russian tsars and the hierarchs of the Russian Orthodox Church. The origins of this fortified complex go back to the late eleventh century, although it was not until 1475 that a major building program, instigated by Grand Prince Ivan Ill, also known as Ivan the Great, gave the Kremlin its present outline. Situated alongside the River Moskva, the Kremlin developed into a collection of churches, monasteries, palaces, and government offices, surrounded by a high wall. The complex is roughly triangular in plan. Ivan invited Italian architects to help him in his reconstruction work it later became commonplace for the more ambitious tsars to employ foreigners to help modernize the backward Russian state. It was in the early sixteenth century that Ivan built his famous bell tower that, after further work in 1600, soared above the Kremlin to a height of 266 feet (81 m). Over the centuries different rulers demolished and erected new buildings to suit the fashions of the day, but the Kremlin retained its Russian character, not least in its onion-shaped domes. A crisis point in the Kremlin's history occurred in 1812 when it was occupied for a month by Napoleon's invading forces and was partly destroyed on the French retreat from Moscow. Fundamental change came after the Russian Revolution of 1917 when the Bolsheviks brought the seat of government back to Moscow. The old churches and monasteries were redeveloped to make way for new institutions such as the communist military school and the Palace of the Congresses. In 1955 parts of the Kremlin were opened up to foreign tourists who were able to visit the site's museums. Since the breakup of the Soviet Union, the Kremlin has become the official residence of the Russian president."


"A voir : les jardins, la vue depuis le clocher d’Ivan-le-Grand, la cathédrale de l’Archange. "


"Rómpete, que la vida ya es demasiado rígida para no torcerse de vez en cuando y dejarse vivir, y dejarse de mierdas. . . . . . . ."


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