Alcalá de Henares
Alcalá de Henares Alcalá de Henares Alcalá de Henares Alcalá de Henares Alcalá de Henares Alcalá de Henares Alcalá de Henares Alcalá de Henares Alcalá de Henares
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"UNESCO World Heritage The area around present-day Alcalá de Henares is one of the oldest settlements in Spain, inhabited for at least 5,000 years; it was colonized by the Romans in the first century and by the Moors in the eighth century. The medieval city of Alcalá de Henares was founded in 1499 by Cardinal Cisneros, one of Spain's premier statesmen, who had a vision of building a great seat of learning. The first students arrived at the university in 1508 and some of its most famous alumni studied here during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, including the playwright Lope de Vega, and Miguel de Cervantes, author of Don Quixote, who was also born in Alcalá de Henares. Cervantes's home and place of birth was purchased by the state in 1954 and a museum opened in 1956. Every year, on October 9, Alcalá de Henares celebrates Cervantes's birthday and holds a Cervantes festival. The university is now renowned as the world center for Cervantes studies and awards an annual literary prize in his name. This medieval center of learning is a truly remarkable achievement of its time, not only as a university, but also as a place of religious acceptance: a harmonious home to Jewish, Christian, and Muslim scholars. Cisnero described his design as the ideal "city of God," and the plans from which Alcalá de Henares was created made their mark across the world after being taken to and recreated in a number of Spanish colonies throughout Latin America. The city suffered damage during the Spanish Civil War and neglect in the difficult years that followed. A resurgence in interest began in the 1980s, and the city was added to UNESCO's World Heritage List in 1998 because it was the first city to be designed and built solely as the seat of a university, and was to serve as the model for other centers of learning in Europe and the Americas."


"Town where miguel cervantes was born"


"Pequeño y cuidado, modelo de ciudad ideal española exportado a América."


"Sympa à visiter dans l’aprem "


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